INTL 431 Final Exam Instructions: ***************************** 1. Each answer will have at least two (2) peer-reviewed journal articles from the APUS online library (No Exceptions) 2. The in-text citations and references are to follow APA Style 6th edition formatting. 3. All answers are to be a minimum of 500 words, *********************************************** The Final Exam consists of five (5) essay questions of equal value. Each question must be answered. There is no time limit on the exam. The course professor will manually grade your exam and issue feedback with a grade. Grading will be consistent with the writing rubric located in the lessons and resource sections of the class. Use the course writing rubric to guide your writing along with the APUS APA Style Guide to help you with your references, and the APA Style Sample Paper located in the lessons and resource section of the class. The exam questions are designed to test the student’s critical thinking skills. There are no clear right or wrong answers with the essay questions as long as you demonstrate in-depth analysis in your work and your work is supported by good peer-reviewed journal articles. The main focus of this exam is for students to articulate and justify their answers using good scholarly peer-reviewed references to support their arguments. You must reflect on the question and your work must show in-depth analysis using proper English and grammar. Avoid the passive voice and do not use any quotes in your work. Your analysis is what is needed not your ability to copy what a published author has previously stated. Analyze the articles and give your informed opinion based on your peer-review journal articles selected. Students will be required to use the APUS Online Library and use peer-reviewed journal articles as references. Additional sources may be included but must be in addition to the two required scholarly references. 1. Each answer will have at least two (2) peer-reviewed journal articles from the APUS online library (No Exceptions) 2. The in-text citations and references are to follow APA Style 6th edition formatting. 3. All answers are to be a minimum of 500 words, not including the questions and references. 4. Work must be original and any dishonesty will result in the student failing the mid-term exam, and possibly receiving a disciplinary “F” grade for the course. 5. This is not a team project. This is an individual assignment. _______________________________________ Copy, then answer the following questions following the specific directions for this exam. Upload all five in ONE Microsoft Word document (.doc or .docx) as a single attachment. 1. Assess the intelligence capacity and effectiveness of fusion centers. What are the pros and cons of fusion centers, and what needs to be done to improve them? 2. Assess the continuing challenges for law enforcement related to intelligence gathering and use. Give specific recent (not historical) judicial decisions that directly impact information/intelligence gathering. 3. Discuss the differences between operational and strategic criminal intelligence analysis. What are the differences between them regarding the level of detail and type of clients supported. What specific analytical products are provided? 4. Geospatial Predictive Analysis is important to law enforcement. How can it be used to their advantage? 5. Explain how the UCR and NIBRS are used as a part of intelligence-led policing. Give specific examples, and discuss at least two (2) different jurisdictions that use this information. How could these programs be made more valuable, and what are the dangers of obtaining/retaining the information?