CHOOSE 3 QUESTIONS 1 PAGE EACH — 1. Is “empire” a useful lens to consider United States expansion and policy, in North America and beyond? How does it help us understand motivations and outcomes? Use examples from at least two time periods. 2. Expansion in Japan and Russia has been considered as “peripheral imperialism.” In what ways have Japanese and Russian ideologies and practices of empire engaged with those in Western Europe, or differed from it? What can this tell us about the place of race, economics and geopolitics in the late nineteenth and early-mid twentieth centuries? 3. What were European and local motives in the process of decolonization in India and Africa? How did these motives, as well as policies enacted after the First World War, influence the postcolonial relationship? 4. On a spectrum of advocating violence (Fanon) and non-violence (Gandhi), which strategies have been the most effective in resisting colonialism, and under which conditions? When is either likely to be employed, or successful, and why? 5. Weigh and order the roles of Europe, Israel/Palestine, oil, Cold War competition and local political rivalries in the current tumult/ turmoil in the Middle East. How do you evaluate at once the admiration and the resentment in the region towards the United States in terms of local societies and Middle Eastern politics?
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