John Kingdon Theories

John Kingdon Theories

Student’s Name

Instituiton’s Affiliation

Date De

Does the Kingdon framework explain the different health care reform outcomes in 1994 and 2010? Why or why not?

The framework which is purported by John Kingdon can be said to be explaining the different health care reforms outcomes in the 1994 and 2010. There are stages that John proposes that an idea must go through before it is accepted by the people. The first step which he mentions is the problem. Under this he, mentions that this refers to the process which involves persuading the policy makers so that they pay attention to one problem over the others. During the year, the problem which was being addressed was the health reforms.

Health care reform was being talked by almost everybody and even during the elections which were held, people had hope that Clinton would help bring reforms in the health sector. The next factor in the framework of John Kingdon was the proposal. He says that once a problem has been noticed, then the next process involves coming up with proposals which are revised, debated and then adopted for consideration. The Democrats and the Republics debated over the health reforms but they never came to a conclusion. Each and every time, the two groups were never coming to a conclusion especially during 1994. The proposals which were being presented were not considered feasible by both groups.

The last element in this theory is politics. These are the political factors which influence the agenda. The politics which were being played by the teams during the 2010 and 1994 can be attributed to the success and the failure of the reforms which were being witnessed. Just like it was mentioned in the theory, the three element can work independently but sometimes they overlap. Even though the problem had already been identified, they failed to reach a conclusion. They never solved the problem. This is why at the end of the article, it is written that “it won’t happen if it is not a priority.” The leaders during 1994 had not placed health reform a priority while those in 2010 made it their priority. It can therefore be concluded that the Kingdon’s framework the different health outcomes during 1994 and 2010.


Federal Class Size Reduction Policy: A Case Study Testing John W. Kingdon’s Theory on Agenda Setting | Rohan | Policy Perspectives. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Leave a Reply