Write an Essay and Annotated Bibliography

  • The Title of your Assignment
  • Role: You are assistant to the director of operations at Xenocybernetics, a pharmaceutical company that has used animal testing.
  • Scenario: Recently, accusations have been flying about Xenocybernetics’ use of animal testing. Many animal rights advocates have protested and written letters demanding that the company be held accountable for their actions.
  • Task: Offer a recommendation to the director on how to handle the accusations, specifically if the company should deny the accusations, admit to the accusations, explain the accusations, or…?
  • Recommended Research: You’re responsible for finding your own sources/research, but if you get stuck, consider researching the following:
  • Any articles or information of other companies facing this problem and the effects of their chosen actions
  • Types of animal testing pharmaceutical companies use
  • The power animal rights advocates could have on the longevity of a company using animal testing
  • Ways pharmaceutical companies have or could fight against such accusations
  • Instructions
  • The documents are not provided for you, so it is up to you to decide what research you need to do to help better understand the scenario and choose a position. Once you’ve found sources, choose your role as a writer, the document type you want to write, the audience you’re writing to, and the purpose of writing to that audience.
  • Requirements:
  • 4 Pages
  • 7 Sources minimum
  • Proper page formatting for either MLA or APA
  • Aspects that affect the grade:
  • Credibility, reliability, validity of chosen sources
  • Quality summaries in the Annotated Bibliography
  • Proper in-text and Works Cited documentation
  • Proper formatting for either MLA or APA
  • Appropriate/Effective role for the chosen scenario
  • Appropriate/Effective document type for chosen scenario
  • Clear audience for the document
  • Clear and appropriate purpose for the document and audience
  • Academic quality writing style
  • Thoughtfully planned and well organized argument


  • Annotated Bibliography (approximately 1 page)
  • An Annotated Bibliography for your sources (just include this at the end of your essay after the Works Cited page)
  • To receive full credit for the Annotated Bibliography, it must do the following:
  • Be formatted correctly as an Annotated Bibliography
  • Have correctly cited sources using MLA format
  • Use the 6-point method for the annotations
  • How to Write an Annotation
  • An annotation is more than a brief summary of a book, article, or other publication. Its purpose is to describe the work in such a way that the reader can decide whether or not to read the work itself.
  • A bibliography, of course, is a list of writings and is a standard appendage to a scholarly book or article. An annotated bibliography, in which each item is summarized, is valuable because it helps the reader understand the particular uses of each item. The ideal bibliography discusses the relationships of one item to another.
  • The following 6 points provide guidance for writing an annotation:
  1. The authority and the qualifications of the author, unless extremely well known, should be clearly stated. Preferably this is to be done early in the annotation: “John Z. Schmidt, a Russian history professor at Interstate University, based his research on recently discovered documents.”
  2. The scope and main purpose of the text must be explained. This is usually done in one to three short sentences. For example, “He reveals that a few Germans played a key role in the events leading up to the revolution. They provided money, arms, and leadership that helped the revolution get started.” Unlike an abstract, which is an abridgement or synopsis, the writer cannot hope to summarize the total content of the work.
  3. The relation of other works, if any, in the field is usually worth noting: “Schmidt’s conclusions are dramatically different from those in Mark Johnson’ Why the Red Revolution?”
  4. The major bias or standpoint of the author in relation to the theme should be clarified: “However, Schmidt’s case is somewhat weakened by an anti-German bias, which was mentioned by two reviewers.”
  5. The audience and the level of reading difficulty should be indicated: “Schmidt addresses himself to the scholar, but the concluding chapters will be clear to any informed layman.” This is not always present in an annotation but is important if the work is targeted to a specific audience.
  6. At this point the annotation might conclude with a summary comment: “This detailed account provides new information that will be of interest to scholars as well as educated adults.”